It is located between the 20° and 21° of South latitude and the 66° and 67° of longitude West of the Meridian of Greenwich. Located to 3660 m.s.n.m., in the middle of Bolivian highland. It is also a rail center that unites the cities of The Peace, Oruro and Potosí with the Republic of Argentina and with the ports of Antofagasta and Iquique of Chile.
Their creation was January 23 1826; by means of expressed law, but officially been founded by R.S. July 11 1889.
For the valuable contributions of people of the town, especially of the Ladies Uyunenses during the Campaign of the War of the Chaco (1932 – 1935), from the beginning until the end of the warlike war, serving with dedication, care and affection to the Bolivian soldier in traffic toward the front of operations or of return of the battle field; reason for those that during the presidency of the Tcnl. Germán Busch, conferred it to him the badge of the Order of the Merit in Commander’s degree. From then on FAVORITE DAUGHTER is called DE BOLIVIA.»
CEMETERY OF TRAINS, as the rolling material was wearing out it deposited all the scrap in the cemetery that understands the trains to coal, cars, wheels and everything as for disuse material.
We can appreciate that for those trains they have an admiration the tourists, since they belong to the years of the war of the Chaco, where they were transported the wounded soldiers during the war and more than everything serves as memory of the years. We can also suggest the following places:
- The Archaeological and Anthropological Museum
- Station of the Railroad
- The Maestranza of the Railroad
- The Public Clock
- The Public Market
Uyuni is a Bolivian municipality located to the southwest of Bolivia in the Department of Potosí. It is the capital of the Antonio Quijarro Province and has a population of 29,518 in 2012.
Elevation: 3669 m.
Time: 21 ° C, wind from 0 to 23 km / h, humidity of 7%
Province: Province of Antonio Quijarro
Municipality: Uyuni Municipality
Number of airports: 1 airport international Joya Andina
Most resident are employed in three major enterprises: government (military and police personal and city official), mining like san cristobal, san vicente , salt extraction from the salar de uyuni, next years the extraction of lithium from the salar de uyuni with the government company of Bolivia lliphi and increasingly tourism.
This history of Uyuni, mining and railroad, is the conjunction of the silver obtained in the second largest mine in the world, the Huanchaca, extracted with (the) efforts of our ancestors, moved on roads pulled by mules or in large caravans of llamas and, finally, in large iron machines, the railroad, to start the long journey to the other side of the continent in boats, which on return brought Oregon pine woods, which came from England, France and North America, which allowed to build buildings, such as the Uyuni hotel, the International hotel and the railway offices, as well as the railway camps “, describes the researcher in the introduction of his work. the origin of Uyuni for which, after the literature review describes that in early 1870 was born a small town called Uyuni, “very close to the hills of K’ajas, (inhabited) by people from Huanchaca and Vitichi “, who transported singani and products from the valley to market them to workers of the Huanchaca Mining Company.
Its official creation took place on July 11, 1889, during the presidency of Aniceto Arce, who in a letter rejected that the new population received the name of Ciudad Arce. “Our fame and wealth are due to the most important sale we have found today, and it is the Uyuni vein.
Nevertheless Uyuni is isolated position and outlook elicit an affectionate respect from both Bolivians and foreign travelers .It was generously nicknamed la hija predilecta de Bolivia (Bolivia’s Favorite Daughter),not for looks but because of its pampering of Bolivia troops returning from the Guerra del Pacifico ,the war in which Bolivia lost its seacoast to Chile.
Now Uyuni is a city that grows rapidly thanks to the vigorous work of its inhabitants that awaits you with the open armrests, to start the adventure in the biggest and highest salt white desert in the world as it is the Salar de Uyuni along with the lagoons of colors, deserts, volcanoes, flamencos of south Lipez Uyuni-Potosi- Bolivia.